Lecture on Composting Measures

One of the biggest environmental problems is the fate of waste from biological products. And one of the solutions is the composting of food or garden waste. In order to clarify the students about how to make compost and its advantages, the schools organized interactive lectures, pro-actively captivating the attention of the students, who are already changing behaviors.

How to set up a composter

1. The composter should be placed in partial shade to protect it from sun and wind.
2. It is worth planting a black elderberry next to it - it will effectively shield it and accelerate compost decomposition
3. Place thicker branches on the bottom to facilitate air circulation.
4. Cover them with acidified peat and then with a layer of waste
5. You should stir and dig it from time to time.
6.After about 4 months we will obtain an excellent and fully ecological fertilizer, thanks to which plants in the garden will grow with double energy
7. Compost can be added to flower beds, spread over the lawn, mixed with the ground when planting trees and shrubs.


In connection with the implementation of a European project under the Erasmus+ program - "Doing the best with waste", Key activity 2 - "Strategic partnerships", sector "School education", projects for "Partnerships for school exchange" 2019-1 -PT01-KA229-061087_5

Home composting is often considered the most environmentally beneficial way to deal with household biodegradable waste. The reason for this is that it reduces the harmful emissions and costs associated with transporting the compost, ensures careful control of the materials used and increases consumer awareness of environmental issues. Compost is often called "black gold" for soil. It has a positive effect on moisture content and organic food materials. Increases air exchange and changes and stabilizes soil acidity. It has a beneficial effect on microorganisms and plants and suppresses plant diseases.

The representative of the "Center for Research and Analysis" - Martina Arabadzhieva, presented the philosophy of zero waste and how we can make young people more empathetic to environmental problems in front of students from "Kyril Christov" Elementary School on October 19, 2020. Students with interest they listened to the talk of the guest lecturer and actively participated with questions.


How to make a vegetable garde?

One of the tasks was to meet the students with Mr. Krzysztof Młynarczyk, who told the students in Primary Scool Nr 1 in Stara Wies about the management of organic waste. In the modern world, 40% is organic waste. We can, however, manage them in a composter. Compost is one of the best types of fertilizers for plants. It provides plants with many nutrients, contributing to the proper development of plants in our gardens. It is a source of humus, which significantly improves the soil structure, and our vegetables are tastier and healthier because they grow without chemicals. The students could learn about all this from his lecture on how to build a composter, how it works, and why we create it in our gardens.

Prezi Presentation


On March 4, 2021, Escola António Correia received Eng Anabela, who came to present how to compost at home. This session was an online session for all Erasmus project partners.


How to make quality compost for my grandfather's garden
In order to promote composting and inter-generational connection, the 6th grade students participated in a session on how to make quality compost, on the 26 of April 2021. They saw the stages to create a nutritious compost, the elements that make up the compost, the period in which it reaches its maximum quality, and they had as their task to make a small compost pit at their grandparents' house.


We collected our organic wastes in school and took away them to our Municipality compose center. The Municipality of Keçiören has important studies on the making of the organic waste. There are two parts of the compost used here. The first is the compost fertilizer, the second of the ripening section. They grind organic waste with mixers in compost fertilizer first. Grinded waste 15 days is held in this section. The milled waste is then blended in the ripening section and rest here 15 days. The compost fertilizer is obtained at the end of a 30-day period. They do not use any substances other than sawdust during production. In particular, waste vegetables and fruits containing acid do not prefer to damage the land. Apart from leaving the wastes to the chamber of the compost, they are manufacturing in any way. They also present fertilizers in packages that bring organic waste. 1 ton in the summer, while in winter, 500 kilograms obtain fertilizers. "